Visions of a Freeman - Brain
Age - 17, June of 2017
A view into the
Reality seen from the Eyes of a TRIBalance.
"Where there is love, there is no
imposition". - Albert Einstein
What you can learn
from Einstein's quirky habits
More than 10 hours of sleep and no socks – could this be the
secret to thinking like a genius?
By Zaria Gorvett
12 June 2017
Celebrated inventor and physicist Nikola Tesla swore by toe
exercises – every night, he’d repeatedly ‘squish’ his toes, 100
times for each foot, according to the author Marc J Seifer.
While it’s not entirely clear exactly what that exercise
involved, Tesla claimed it helped to stimulate his brain cells.
The most prolific mathematician of the 20th Century, Paul Erdos,
preferred a different kind of stimulant: amphetamine, which he
used to fuel 20-hour number benders. When a friend bet him $500
that he couldn’t stop for a month, he won but complained “You’ve
set mathematics back a month”.
Newton, meanwhile, bragged about the benefits of celibacy. When
he died in 1727, he had transformed our understanding of the
natural world forever and left behind 10 million words of notes;
he was also, by all accounts, still a virgin (Tesla was also
celibate, though he later claimed he fell in love with a pigeon).
"Like it or not, our daily habits have a
powerful impact on our brains
Many of the world’s most brilliant scientific minds were also
fantastically weird. From Pythagoras’ outright ban on beans to
Benjamin Franklin’s naked ‘air baths’, the path to greatness is
paved with some truly peculiar habits.
But what if these are more than superficial facts? Scientists
are increasingly realising that intelligence is less about sheer
genetic luck than we tend to think. According to the latest
review of the evidence, around 40% of what distinguishes the
brainiacs from the blockheads in adulthood is environmental.
Like it or not, our daily habits have a powerful impact on our
brains, shaping their structure and changing the way we think.
We'll never know, but maybe out of shot, Nikola Tesla was
squishing his toes (Credit: SPL)
Of all history’s great minds, arguably the master of combining
genius with unusual habits was Albert Einstein – so what better
person to study for clues to mind-enhancing behaviours to try
ourselves? He taught us how to squeeze energy out of atoms, so
maybe, just maybe, he might be able to teach us a thing or two
about how to squeeze the most out of our tiny mortal brains.
Could there be any benefits in following Einstein’s sleep, diet,
and even fashion choices?
10 HOURS OF SLEEP AND ONE-SECOND NAPS
It’s common knowledge that sleep is good for your brain – and
Einstein took this advice more seriously than most. He
reportedly slept for at least 10 hours per day – nearly one and
a half times as much as the average American today (6.8 hours).
But can you really slumber your way to a sharper mind?
The author John Steinbeck once said: “It is a common experience
that a problem difficult at night is resolved in the morning
after the committee of sleep has worked on it.”
Many of the most radical breakthroughs in human history,
including the periodic table, the structure of DNA and
Einstein’s theory of special relativity, have supposedly
occurred while their discoverer was unconscious. The latter came
to Einstein while he was dreaming about cows being electrocuted.
But is this really true?
Back in 2004, scientists at the University of Lubeck, Germany,
tested the idea with a simple experiment. First they trained
volunteers to play a number game. Most gradually got the hang of
it with practice, but by far the quickest way to improve was to
uncover a hidden rule. When the students were tested again eight
hours later, those who had been allowed to sleep were more than
twice as likely to gain insight into the rules than those who
had remained awake.
"Those who have more spindle events tend
to have greater ‘fluid intelligence’
When we fall asleep, the brain enters a series of cycles. Every
90-120 minutes the brain fluctuates between light sleep, deep
sleep and a phase associated with dreaming, known as Rapid Eye
Movement (REM), which until recently was thought to play the
leading role in learning and memory. But this isn’t the full
story. “Non-REM sleep has been a bit of a mystery, but we spend
about 60% of our night in this type of sleep,” says Stuart
Fogel, a neuroscientist at the University of Ottawa.
Non-REM sleep is characterised by bursts of fast brain activity,
so called ‘spindle events’ because of the spindle-shaped zigzag
the waves trace on an EEG. A normal night’s sleep will involve
thousands of these, each lasting no longer than a few seconds. “This
is really the gateway to other stages of sleep – the more you
sleep, the more of these events you’ll have,” he says.
Chilling out with physicist Niels Bohr (Credit: SPL)
Spindle events begin with a surge of electrical energy generated
by the rapid firing of structures deep in the brain. The main
culprit is the thalamus, an oval shaped region which acts as the
brain’s main ‘switching centre’, sending incoming sensory
signals in the right direction. While we’re sleeping, it acts
like an internal earplug, scrambling external information to
help you stay asleep. During a spindle event, the surge travels
up to the brain’s surface and then back down again to complete a
Intriguingly, those who have more spindle events tend to have
greater ‘fluid intelligence’ – the ability to solve new
problems, use logic in new situations, and identify patterns –
the kind Einstein had in spades. "They don’t seem related to
other types of intelligence, such as the ability to memorise
facts and figures, so it’s really specific to these reasoning
skills," says Fogel. This ties in nicely with Einstein’s disdain
for formal education and advice to "never memorise anything
which you can look up".
And though the more you sleep, the more spindle events you’ll
have, this doesn’t necessarily prove that more sleep is
beneficial. It’s a chicken and egg scenario: do some people have
more spindle events because they are smart, or are they smart
because they have more spindle events? The jury is still out,
but a recent study showed that night-time sleep in women – and
napping in men – can improve reasoning and problem solving
skills. Crucially, the boost to intelligence was linked to the
presence of spindle events, which only occurred during night-time
sleep in women and daytime slumbers in men.
It’s not yet known why spindle events would be helpful, but
Fogel thinks it may have something to do with the regions which
are activated. “We’ve found that the same regions that generate
spindles – the thalamus and the cortex [the brain’s surface] –
well, these are the areas which support the ability to solve
problems and apply logic in new situations,” he says.
Luckily for Einstein, he also took regular naps. According to
apocryphal legend, to make sure he didn’t overdo it he’d recline
in his armchair with a spoon in his hand and a metal plate
directly beneath. He’d allow himself to drift off for a second,
then – bam! – the spoon would fall from his hand and the sound
of it hitting the plate would wake him up.
Einstein’s daily walk was sacred to him. While he was working at
Princeton University, New Jersey, he’d walk the mile and a half
journey there and back. He followed in the footsteps of other
diligent walkers, including Darwin who went for three 45 minute
walks every day.
These constitutionals weren’t just for fitness – there’s
mountains of evidence that walking can boost memory, creativity
and problem-solving. For creativity at least, walking outside is
even better. But why?
Go for a walk! Einstein recommends it (Credit: Getty Images)
When you think about it, it doesn’t make a lot of sense. Walking
distracts the brain from more cerebral tasks, and forces it to
focus on putting one foot in front of the other and not falling
over. Enter ‘transient hypofrontality’ – translated into basic
English, this impressive mouthful basically means temporarily
toning down the activity in certain parts of the brain. In
particular, the frontal lobes, which are involved in higher
processes such as memory, judgement and language.
By turning it down a notch, the brain adopts a totally different
style of thinking – one which may lead to insights you wouldn’t
get at your desk. There isn’t any evidence for this explanation
of walking’s benefits yet, but it’s a tantalising idea.
So what do geniuses eat? Alas, it’s not clear what fuelled
Einstein’s extraordinary mind, though the internet somewhat
dubiously claims it was spaghetti. He did once joke that his
favourite things about Italy were “spaghetti and [mathematician]
Levi-Civita”, so we’ll go with that.
Though carbohydrates have got a bad rep, as always, Einstein was
spot on. It’s well known that the brain is a food-guzzling
greedy guts, consuming 20% of the body’s energy though it only
accounts for 2% of its weight (Einstein’s may have been even
less – his brain weighed just 1,230g, compared to an average of
around 1,400g). Just like the rest of the body, the brain
prefers to snack on simple sugars, such as glucose, which have
been broken down from carbohydrates. Neurons require an
almost-contunuous supply and will only accept other energy
sources when it’s really desperate. And therein lies a problem.
Despite this sweet tooth, the brain has no way of storing any
energy, so when blood glucose levels drop, it quickly runs out.
“The body can release some from its own glycogen stores by
releasing stress hormones such as cortisol, but these have
side-effects,” says Leigh Gibson, a lecturer in psychology and
physiology at the University of Roehampton.
Smoking is not advised, Einstein wouldn't have been aware of all
the health risks (Credit: SPL)
These include the familiar light-headedness and confusion we
feel when we skip dinner. One study found that those on low
carbohydrate diets have slower reaction times and reduced
spatial memory – though only in the short-term (after a few
weeks, the brain will adapt to salvaging energy from other
sources, such as protein).
Sugars can give the brain a valuable boost, but unfortunately
this doesn’t mean binging on spaghetti is a good idea.
“Typically the evidence suggests that about 25g of carbohydrate
is beneficial, but double that and you may actually impair your
ability to think,” says Gibson. For perspective, that’s around
37 strands of spaghetti, which is a lot less than it sounds
(around half as much as the recommended portion). “It’s not as
simple a story as it sounds,” says Gibson.
SMOKING A PIPE
Today, the many health risks of smoking are widely known, so
this is not a habit that it would be wise to follow. But
Einstein was a hardened pipe smoker, known as much around campus
for the cloud of smoke which followed him as for his theories.
He famously loved to smoke, believing it “contributes to a
somewhat calm and objective judgment in all human affairs.” He’d
even pick cigarette butts off the street and stuff the remaining
tobacco into his pipe.
Not really the behaviour of a genius, but in his defence, though
evidence had been mounting since the 1940s, tobacco wasn’t
publicly linked to lung cancer and other illnesses until 1962 –
seven years after his death.
Today the risks are no secret – smoking stops brain cells
forming, thins the cerebral cortex (the wrinkled outer layer
responsible for consciousness) and starves the brain of oxygen.
It’s fair to say that Einstein was clever despite this habit –
not because of it.
But there is one final mystery. An analysis of 20,000
adolescents in the United States, whose habits and health were
followed for 15 years, found that irrespective of age, ethnicity
or education, more intelligent children grow up to smoke more
cigarettes, more frequently, than the rest of us. Scientists
still don’t know why this is, though intriguingly it’s not true
everywhere – in the UK, smokers tend to have lower IQs.
No list of Einstein’s eccentricities would be complete without a
mention of his passionate aversion to socks. “When I was young,”
he wrote in a letter to his cousin – and later, wife – Elsa, “I
found out that the big toe always ends up making a hole in a
sock. So I stopped wearing socks.” Later in life, when he
couldn’t find his sandals he’d wear Elsa’s sling backs instead.
As it turns out, rocking the hipster look probably didn’t do
Einstein any favours. Regrettably, there haven’t been any
studies looking directly at the impact of going sockless, but
changing into casual clothing, as opposed to a more formal
outfit, has been linked to poor performance on tests of abstract
And what better way to end that with some advice from the man
himself. “The important thing is not to stop questioning;
curiosity has its own reason for existing,” he told LIFE
magazine in 1955.
Failing that, you might try some toe exercises. Who knows – they
might just work. And aren’t you dying to find out?
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First result in Google Images:
prohíben la salida del país a Diosa Canales hasta el año 2216
12.06.17, 8:38 pm
Diosa Canales informó a través de su cuenta de Twitter que le
fue prohibida la salida del país hasta el año 2216.
La vedette venezolana expresó que desconoce el motivo de la
medida que fue presuntamente dictada por el juzgado tercero de
primera instancia municipal en funciones de control, y de la
cual se enteró a través del portal Web del Servicio
Administrativo de Identificación, Migración y Extranjería
(SAIME), informó Ronda.
“AQUÍ ESTA LA PROHIBICIÓN DE SALIDA HASTA EL AÑO 2216 jaja …gracias
a Dios nos informaron a tiempo de esto… no pasamos un mal rato
en el aeropuerto ….. El PODER DE DIOS ES MAS GRANDE Q ESTO”,
escribió la también cantante para acompañar una captura del
mencionado sitio de Internet.
Anteriormente diosa había sido informada de esta privativa por
lo que no pudo asistir a los Premios Heat que se celebraron la
semana pasada en República Dominicana.
Con información de El Farandi.
Interruption while I was informing "Diosa Canales" I
was making this page and it's steps:
ORGÁNICA SOBRE EL DERECHO DE LAS MUJERES A UNA VIDA LIBRE DE VIOLENCIA
Artículo 1. La presente Ley tiene por
objeto garantizar y promover el derecho de las mujeres a una vida libre
de violencia, creando condiciones para prevenir, atender, sancionar y
erradicar la violencia contra las mujeres en cualquiera de sus
manifestaciones y ámbitos, impulsando cambios en los patrones
socioculturales que sostienen la desigualdad de género y las relaciones
de poder sobre las mujeres, para favorecer la construcción de una
sociedad justa democrática, participativa, paritaria y protagónica.
Artículo 2. A través de esta Ley se
articula un conjunto integral de medidas para alcanzar los siguientes
públicas de prevención de la violencia contra las mujeres y de
erradicación de la discriminación de género. Para ello, se
dotarán a los Poderes Públicos de instrumentos eficaces en el
ámbito educativo, laboral, de servicios sociales, sanitarios,
publicitarios y mediáticos.
Coordinar los recursos
presupuestarios e institucionales de los distintos Poderes
Públicos para asegurar la atención, prevención y erradicación de
los hechos de violencia contra las mujeres, así como la sanción
adecuada a los culpables de los mismos y la implementación de
medidas socioeducativas que eviten su reincidencia.
Garantizar el principio
de transversalidad de las medidas de sensibilización, prevención,
detección, seguridad y protección, de manera que en su
aplicación se tengan en cuenta los derechos, necesidades y
demandas específicas de todas las mujeres víctimas de violencia
especialización y la sensibilización de los colectivos
profesionales que intervienen en el proceso de información,
atención y protección de las mujeres víctimas de violencia de
Garantizar los recursos
económicos, profesionales, tecnológicos, científicos y de
cualquier otra naturaleza, que permitan la sustentabilidad de
los planes, proyectos, programas, acciones, misiones y toda otra
iniciativa orientada a la prevención, castigo y erradicación de
la violencia contra las mujeres y el ejercicio pleno de sus
Establecer y fortalecer
medidas de seguridad y protección, y medidas cautelares que
garanticen los derechos protegidos en la presente ley y la
protección personal, física, emocional, laboral y patrimonial de
la mujer víctima de violencia de género.
Establecer un sistema
integral de garantías para el ejercicio de los derechos
desarrollados en esta Ley.
Artículo 3. Esta Ley abarca la protección
de los siguientes derechos:
El derecho a la vida.
La protección a la
dignidad e integridad física, psicológica, sexual, patrimonial y
jurídica de las mujeres víctimas de violencia, en los ámbitos
público y privado.
La igualdad de derechos
entre el hombre y la mujer.
La protección de las
mujeres particularmente vulnerables a la violencia basada en
Obligación del Estado
Artículo 5. El Estado tiene la obligación
indeclinable de adoptar todas las medidas administrativas, legislativas,
judiciales y de cualquier otra índole que sean necesarias y apropiadas
para asegurar el cumplimiento de esta Ley y garantizar los derechos
humanos de las mujeres víctimas de violencia.
Participación de la sociedad
Artículo 6. La sociedad tiene el derecho y
el deber de participar de forma protagónica para lograr la vigencia
plena y efectiva de la presente Ley, a través de las organizaciones
comunitarias y sociales.
Educación y prevención
Artículo 7. El Estado, con la activa
participación de la sociedad, debe garantizar programas permanentes de
educación y prevención sobre la violencia de género.
Medidas de Seguridad y Protección y Medidas
Artículo 9. Las medidas de seguridad y
protección, y las medidas cautelares son aquellas que impone la
autoridad competente señalada en esta Ley, para
salvaguardar la vida, proteger la integridad física, emocional,
psicológica y los bienes patrimoniales de las de las mujeres víctimas de
Artículo 15. Se consideran formas de
violencia de género en contra de las mujeres, las siguientes:
1. Violencia psicológica: Es toda conducta
activa u omisiva ejercida en deshonra, descrédito o menosprecio al valor
o dignidad personal, tratos humillantes y vejatorios, vigilancia
constante, aislamiento, marginalización, negligencia, abandono,
celotipia, comparaciones destructivas, amenazas y actos que conllevan a
las mujeres víctimas de violencia a disminuir su autoestima, a
perjudicar o perturbar su sano desarrollo, a la depresión e incluso al
Both Diosa Canales and Osmariel
Villalobos are Victims of Violence against Women.
As such both should have protection
measures when it comes to the media, to avoid a further escalation of
the conflict and/or a durable complication.
Anybody trying to take advantage of
the fight to profit from it is indeed profiting from Violence against
Publishing new Art Material taking
advantage of Violence against Women for Publicity is in itself a Crime
against Women and helps promote Violence against Women in Society.
Trying to make Violence against Women
fun and entertaining increases the Violence against Women in all of
society and the media that promotes taking benefit from Violence against
Women is subjected to legal penalties.
Trying to benefit from a Hate Crime
to further the Hate and have the Fans hate as well increases the Culture
of Hate against Women, producing more Violence against Women.
For all the above reasons and given My
Right as a Venezuelan Citizen to help prevent Violence against Women in
Venezuela, I reserve My Right to keep this page as a reminder to those
that would purposely promote Hatred against Women for Personal Pleasures
and Profit as well as those that would promote Hate Crimes in the
context of using the Media to conspire and attack a Moderator.
I AM SUING THE BBC NEWS
For the crimes of:
1) Crime in the context of a Hate Crime Conspiracy.
2) Damage to Venezuelan Women.
3) Damage that promoted Violence against Women.
4) Harassment against Me using Einstein.